Muscle Growth


Forms of Human Growth Hormone (HGH)

Growth Hormone is a polypeptide Hormone. This means it is composed of a long chain of amino acids, 191 to be exact. Under normal physiologic conditions, Growth Hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. This is a gland that lies at the base of the brain in a bony cavity called the Sella Turcica. In addition to Growth Hormone, the anterior pituitary also secretes prolactin, thyroid stimulating Hormone, luteinizing Hormone, follicle stimulating Hormone, and adrenal corticotropic Hormone. The secretion of Growth Hormone by the pituitary gland is initiated by the hypothalamus, another gland in the brain that lies right next to the pituitary. The hypothalamus initiates Growth Hormone secretion by secreting Growth Hormone releasing Hormone (GHRH); at the same time it stops secreting a Growth Hormone inhibitory Hormone called somatostatin. When somatostatin is turned off and GHRH is turned on, the pituitary will release Growth Hormone in bursts of activity. These bursts of Growth Hormone release occur primarily during deep stages of sleep, such as stage 3 and stage 4. Once released in the blood, Growth Hormone is very short lived. It is generally completely metabolized and gone within a half-hour. During that time, however, it manages to reach the liver and many other cells in the body, and induce them to make another polypeptide Hormone called Insulin-like Growth Factor One (IGF-1). It is really IGF-1 that travels around to the various tissues of the body to effect most of the benefits that we attribute to Growth Hormone. The secretion of Growth Hormone itself is regulated by a classic biofeedback loop. This means when levels of Growth Hormone in the blood reach a certain threshold, Growth Hormone stimulates receptors in the pituitary to stop further Growth Hormone secretion. It also stimulates receptors in the hypothalamus to stop GHRH and turn on somatostatin. IGF-1, which goes up in response to Growth Hormone, also feeds back on the pituitary and hypothalamus to help control Growth Hormone secretion. This is nature’s system of checks and balances to assure we don’t have too much of any one Hormone.

USES OF Growth Hormone
Growth Hormone was initially used for children of short stature who are Growth Hormone deficient, either because of an inactive pituitary, a tumor of the pituitary, or destruction of the pituitary by surgery or by radiation to remove a tumor. The other pituitary Hormones were replaced along with GH. Growth Hormone was used only until the children reached an acceptable adult height and then it was stopped because it was thought to be useful only for Growth. The other pituitary Hormones, however, which were thought to be more critical, were continued throughout adulthood. It wasn’t until much later that adult Growth Hormone deficiency was recognized to be a problem. It was discovered that adults who were deficient in Growth Hormone suffered from premature cardiovascular disease, reduced bone density, central obesity, decreased muscle mass, depressed mood, elevated levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol, slower wound healing, fatigue, poor exercise tolerance and poor immune function. At that point the use of Growth Hormone began in this unfortunate population, resulting in improvement of all of the above. It wasn’t until 1990, however, that the benefits of Growth Hormone and the treatment of normal aging were recognized. The most recent new use of Growth Hormone is for the treatment of AIDS Wasting Syndrome. This is the condition of weakness, fatigue, and loss of muscle mass in AIDS patients. Since we at Cenegenics� specialize in metabolic and hormonal control of aging, we will limit this discussion to the use of Growth Hormone in the treatment of normal aging.

Somatopause is an extrapolation of the term “menopause.” Menopause is the condition in women whereby the ovaries atrophy and cease to produce the sex Hormones Estrogen, Progesterone and Testosterone. Somatopause signifies the gradual decline in Growth Hormone production by the adult pituitary gland in both men and women that begins at approximately age 30 and continues at a steady rate throughout life. The decline in Growth Hormone level that occurs with Somatopause is accompanied by deterioration in the structure and functional capacity of our body, which is ultimately devastating to the Human condition. In fact, there is absolutely no difference between the clinical signs and symptoms of aging and those of adult Growth Hormone deficiency described above. The late Dr. Daniel Rudman first described the benefits of Growth Hormone therapy in normal aging adults. Dr. Rudman published a landmark article in the New England Journal of Medicine on July 7th, 1990. In his article, Dr. Rudman showed that by putting healthy aging men on Growth Hormone for six months, he was able to decrease their body fat by 14.4%, increase muscle mass by 8.8%, increase skin thickness by 7.1%, and increase lumbar bone density by 1.6%. These exciting findings clearly inaugurated the movement to supplement Growth Hormone in healthy aging adults, which today is becoming commonplace.

The benefits of Growth Hormone use in somatopause which have been clearly documented in the medical literature include the following: a decrease in body fat, an increase in muscle mass, thickening of the skin with decreased wrinkling, improvement in the cholesterol profile, an increase in bone density, enhanced feeling of well being, a decrease in the waist to hip ratio (meaning fat is removed primarily from around the waist where it is associated with a high risk of coronary disease), improvement in aerobic capacity, enhanced immune function and a decrease in the frequency of illness. The changes that our patients at Cenegenics� seem to be most pleased with are the elevation in mood, increase in energy level, improved sleep, decrease in body fat, increase in muscle mass and enhanced ability to handle adversity with confidence and optimism.

Side effects of Growth Hormone are generally mild and are largely associated with salt and water retention. The minority of patients that experience this typically complain of mild weight gain from water retention associated with a vague feeling of puffiness. This is sometimes accompanied by joint discomfort, particularly in the fingers, with a feeling of tightness when making a fist. Other joints may also become uncomfortable. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a well-known side effect of Growth Hormone that was more common in the early days when Growth Hormone was given in higher dose with lower frequency. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is also a function of fluid retention, which causes water to accumulate in the closed carpal tunnel compartment of the wrist, compressing the median nerve. This results in numbness and tingling in the palm and fingers. These side effects are easily remedied by abstaining from Growth Hormone for about a week, and then resuming the treatment with a 20% dose reduction. Older patients are more subject to side effects and are generally started at a low dose of Growth Hormone than younger adults. Another potential side-effect of Growth Hormone is the elevation of blood sugar. Growth Hormone mobilizes body fat, causing our fat cells to break themselves down and release free fatty acids into the blood stream. These free fatty acids are energy molecules which can be taken up by organs and many of our organs to be used for energy. When our muscles are consuming free fatty acids as a fuel, they are far less interested in sugar, therefore they tend to resist the effects of insulin, and extract less sugar from the blood. At the same time, Growth Hormone can increase glucose output from the liver to the blood. This combination of effects can raise blood sugar and raise insulin levels, neither of which is good. Fortunately, this is only a problem in people who eat a diet high in sugar and starch, and do little exercise. At Cenegenics� we teach our patients to eat a low glycemic diet (low in sugar and starch) and exercise regularly. The effect of our nutrition and exercise program in lowering blood glucose and insulin levels far outweighs the effect of Growth Hormone in raising glucose and insulin levels. The net effect in our patients, therefore, is the lowering of glucose and insulin levels. This is a very health-promoting benefit that prevents disease and extends life span.

Originally taken only from Human cadavers, and used only in children of short stature, Growth Hormone has had an interesting and controversial history. Fortunately, the understanding of its importance in adult physiology came at approximately the same time as recombinant DNA technology, which led to greater availability along with virtual safety. Soon after this, the comparison was made between Growth Hormone deficient adults and aging adults. Because of the tremendous similarities, Growth Hormone began to be used and soon gained great popularity in the treatment of normal aging. Growth Hormone is clearly useful and therapeutic in this regard as long as it is used in a carefully monitored, professionally managed program. Any Growth Hormone program must include proper nutrition and exercise with emphasis on a low glycemic diet.

Clomid Frequently Asked Questions

Clomid is a synthetic estrogen and is generally prescribed by doctors to trigger ovulation in females.

Question: Why Should Bodybuilders use Clomid?

Answer: Almost all anabolic androgenic steroids will cause an inhibition ofthe bodies own testosterone production. When he comes off the steroids he has no natural test production and no more steroids. The body is left in a state of catabolism (catabolic hormones are high and anabolic hormones are low) and as a result much of the muscle tissue that was gained on the cycle is now going to be lost. Clomid stimulates the hypophysis to release more gonadotropin so that a faster and higher release of follicle stimulating hormone aud luteinizing hormone occurs. This results in an increase of the body’s own testosterone production.

Question: Does Clomid also work as an anti estrogen?

Answer: Clomid is a synthetic estrogen, however it does also work as an anti-estrogen. How does it work? Because it is a weak synthetic estrogen, it will bind to the estrogen receptor (ER) and not cause any problems. At the same time the increase in estrogen from steroids are blocked from attaching to the ER.

Question: How effective is Clomid as an anti-estrogen?

Answer: It is very weak and should not be relied upon if you are going to be using steroids that aromatise at any rapid rate, or if you are pre disposed to gyno. arimidex, Proviron and Nolvadex will all make better choices for this purpose.

Question: Some say Clomid during a cycle is a waste, is this true?

Answer: Lets first examine what happens when someone is using anabaolic androgenic steroids. When the level of androgens in the body get too high, the androgen receptor becomes more highly activated, and the hypothalamus stops sending a signal to the pituitary. In short the signal tells our body to stop producing testosterone. During a cycle the body has higher levels than normal of androgens and as long as this level is high enough Clomid will not help to keep natural test production up. It will be almost all but completely shut off. The only purpose of Clomid during a cycle is as an anti-estrogen.

Question: When do I start Clomid? Some say 2 weeks others 3.

Answer: When you start using your Clomid all depends on what steroids you were using during your cycle. Different steroids have different half lifes and you should adjust your Clomid intake accordingly. As we have seen above, if we take Clomid when the androgen levels in our body is still high it will be a waste. We need to wait for androgen levels to fall before implementing our Clomid therapy. However if we take it too late we could possibly lose gains. Look at the list below to determine when you should start Clomid therapy. By selecting from the list all the steroids you used in your cycle and which ever one has the latest starting point then go with that. For example if I cycled dbol, sustanon and winstrol I would use sustanon as it remains active in the body for the longest period of time.

Anadrol/Anapolan: 8 – 12 hours after last administration

Deca: 3 weeks after last injection and Clomid for 4 weeks

Dianabol: 4 - 8 hours after last administration

Equipoise: 3 weeks after last injection

Fina: 3 days after last injection

Primobolan depot: 10 - 14 days after last injection

Sustanon: 3 weeks after last injection

Testosterone Cypionate: 2 weeks after last injection

Testosterone Enanthate: 2 weeks after last injection

Testosterone Propionate: 3 days after last injection

Testosterone Suspension: 4 - 8 hours after last administration

Winstrol: 8 - 12 hours after last administration

Question: What is the most effective way for Clomid therapy.

Answer: Clomid has a long half life and as such there is no need to split up doses throughout the day. I read some where that it was 5 days (any feedback on this). Now if we used sustanon and we start using Clomid 3 weeks after our last injection we anticipate that androgen levels are low enough to start sending the correct signals. If androgen levels are still a little high then the normal 50mgs/day of Clomid for 1 week is not going to be effective. We need to start at a high enough amount that will work or help even if androgen levels are still a little high. 300mgs on day 1. I know I said don’t split it up due to its long half life but try and split this up 2 tabs 3 times a day. After we have finished this first day we seek to use 100mgs for 10 days and then followed by 50mgs for 10 days.

Question: Do I need to use Clomid for 3 weeks?

Answer: Why don’t you want too? It is very cheap, very effective and can mean the difference between maintaining gains and losing them.

Question: How cheap is Clomid?

Answer: Clomid normally comes in 50mg tablets but also comes in capsule form of 25mgs. A 50mg tablet can be anywhere between 25 cents and $2.50. (15 pence and 75 pence in England).

Question: Do all steroids cause shut down of the hpta.

Answer: Not all steroids do. Everyone is different and you must also take into account how long you have been using a certain steroid and at what dose in order to determine if you need Clomid or not. However as the price is so cheap, why risk not using it.

Why Use Cutting Steroids to Cut?

The convenience of using cutting steroids, as previously touched upon, is that because of their nature as being non-estrogenic (for the most part) they tend to favor the creation of a hard, defined, 3D look to the physique. It is for this reason that cutting steroids are utilized in cycles for fat loss, pre-competition, and for the more casual bodybuilders, before the summer season for obvious reasons. There also tend to be various anabolic steroids that are included in the cutting steroid category that might not even hold a viable use for fat loss or bulking, but tend to serve as a pre-workout performance booster. Halotestin (Fluoxymesterone) is one such example of this, but because Halotestin tends to possess all of the same characteristics as most other cutting steroids, it is therefore considered a cutting steroid.

It has been noted that a common shared characteristic or trait among cutting steroids is their ability to completely avoid estrogenic effects or estrogenic activity. The core of this characteristic lies in the common trait among most cutting steroids, and that is the fact that nearly all cutting steroids belong to the same family: Dihydrotestosterone derivatives (DHT-derivatives). DHT derived anabolic steroids are anabolic steroids that are modified analogues of DHT. DHT happens to be the body’s most potent natural androgen as well as the body’s natural anti-estrogen, and it is a well-known fact that hormones with very strong androgenic capabilities as well as strong anti-estrogenic capabilities tend to maximize the ‘rock hard’ definition and ‘ripped’ look to the physique and the muscles. DHT is also completely incapable of conversion into Estrogen (properly termed as aromatization). Dihydrotestosterone does not interact what so ever with the aromatase enzyme, which is the enzyme responsible for binding to androgens and aromatizing them into Estrogen, which is what is responsible for the unwanted estrogenic effects such as water retention, gynecomastia, fat retention/gain, etc. An exception to this family of DHT-derivatives is Trenbolone, which is in fact a Nandrolone derivative and could also be properly referred to as a Progestin (it is still incapable of conversion into Estrogen, however).

Cutting steroids such as Anavar, Primobolan (Methenolone), Winstrol, and Masteron, and virtually all other cutting steroids, are DHT-derivatives. Their nature as DHT-derivatives allow them to completely avoid the issue of aromatization. Some provide additional anti-estrogenic activity, such as Masteron, which has demonstrated the ability to inhibit the aromatase enzyme all on its own. Masteron has actually served a valid purpose in medicine as a breast cancer drug due to this quality it possesses. Hence, this is also why compounds such as Masteron are regarded as not only cutting steroids, but pre-contest steroids as well, due to its ability to reduce total circulating levels of Estrogen in the body thereby allowing the bodybuilder to achieve very low levels of body fat as well as very low levels of subcutaneous water on contest day.

It should be noted, however, that several cutting steroids might not be suitable from a monetary standpoint due to the higher doses required to elicit effects. This is due to the fact that some cutting steroids tend to express a very weak anabolic effect, and therefore require higher doses (and subsequently might cost more money to use). Primobolan, Masteron, and Turinabol are three examples of cutting steroids that are considered fairly weak compared to others.

The following is a list of the typically used and commonly considered cutting steroids,

Anavar (Oxandrolone)
Halotestin (Fluoxymesterone)
Primobolan (Methenolone Acetate)
Primobolan Depot (Methenolone Enanthate)
Trenbolone Acetate
Trenbolone Enanthate
Trenbolone Hexahydrobenzylcarbonate (Parabolan)
Turinabol (4-chlorodehydromethyltestosterone)
Winstrol (Stanozolol)
Winstrol Depot (Injectable Stanozolol)

Aug 5

GHRP-6 Growth Hormone Releasing Hexapeptide 6

GHRP-6 (Growth Hormone Releasing Hexapeptide 6) is a peptide hormone (also referred to as a protein hormone) that belongs to a category known as HGH (Human Growth Hormone) secretagogues. That is to say that these peptide hormones will act in such a way in the body so as to stimulate secretion of Human Growth Hormone. Furthermore, GHRP-6 is a member of a category of HGH secretagogues known as Ghrelin mimetics, which are all various Growth Hormone Releasing Hexapeptide analogues. The peptides in this family include: GHRP-6, GHRP-2, Hexarelin, and Ipamorelin. They are referred to as Ghrelin mimetics because they mimic the actions of the endogenous hormone Ghrelin, whereby they will attach to the GH secretagogue receptor at the anterior pituitary gland. Other activities of Ghrelin involve its activity as a hunger-stimulating peptide hormone, which easily explains the ability for many of the GHRPs to stimulate appetite to various degrees. It is very important to note that GHRP-6, as well as the other Ghrelin mimetics previously mentioned are very distinctly different peptide hormones from Growth Hormone Releasing Hormones (GHRH), such as Mod GRF 1-29 (CJC-1295 without DAC). GHRH peptides such as Mod GRF -129, and GHRP peptides such as GHRP-6, are very different classes of GH secretagogues that function through very different receptors and pathways. Therefore, the two should not be confused with one another.

GHRP-6 is a first generation GHRP, and like all other HGH secretagogues, it is a very new compound that is currently undergoing clinical trials. Therefore, the extent of gathered knowledge on this peptide is currently very minimal, but the medical establishment and its scientists are hopeful of holding a better understanding of these peptides over the next several years of research. There are many aspects of GHRP-6 and other HGH secretagogues that are not fully or completely understood, and this point must be made absolutely clear prior to delving further into this profile. New discoveries in regards to these peptides will no doubt be made over the coming years, in both clinical as well as anecdotal settings. It is the bodybuilding and performance enhancing drug using community to therefore develop logical and rational approaches to its use, supported as much as possible by proper clinical and scientific data.

GHRP-6 operates via the same pathways as other GHRPs, such as GHRP-2 and Ipamorelin with some distinct differences. Almost all GHRPs will stimulate hunger simply by virtue of the fact that they are Ghrelin mimetics, but GHRP-6 has demonstrated both anecdotally as well as clinically to stimulate the largest hunger increases in comparison to all other GHRPs. Studies on GHRP-6 have also demonstrated, when administered after the recent consumption of food, will exhibit lipogenic (fat-storing) properties. The same study had also demonstrated the vast difference in HGH output from the pituitary gland when combined with a GHRH analogue (a 77% increase in HGH output) compared to administration alone. The consumption of carbohydrates and fats too soon before or after administration of GHRP-6 (or any GHRP) has been shown to blunt HGH release from the pituitary gland as well. The aforementioned study has also demonstrated that the presence of acetylcholine in the brain will amplify the amount of HGH released via its inhibitory effects on somatostatin (a hormone that inhibits HGH release from the pituitary gland). In addition, GHRP-6 (as well as GHRP-2) has demonstrated the ability to increase Cortisol and Prolactin secretion alongside HGH secretion, although the level of secretion of these two hormones are said to only become a concern in the higher dose ranges. Insulin has demonstrated in studies to amplify the HGH response to GHRP-6 as well.

What does all of this mean for GHRP-6 and how it can be used? This will be further explained in the GHRP-6 doses section of this profile, but in the meantime, a few key points can be summarized:

- Proper timing of GHRP-6 doses surrounding meals should be executed so as to ensure maximal HGH release from the pituitary gland.

- GHRP Ghrelin mimetics, such as GHRP-6, should be administered in combination with a GHRH (such as Mod GRF 1-29) in order to initiate and amplify a greater pulse of HGH from the pituitary compared to GHRP-6 used solitarily on its own. The effects of a GHRH analogue with a GHRP are synergistic in their effects on the pituitary gland in amplifying the release of HGH from the pituitary.

- GHRP-6 will elevate Cortisol and Prolactin levels less significantly than GHRP-2, but does so very minimally as evidenced by studies. More on this will be explained in the GHRP-6 doses section of this profile.

Questions PeptidesChemical Characteristics of GHRP-6

GHRP-6 is a protein/peptide hormone consisting of a polypeptide chain of 6 amino acids. This polypeptide chain that makes up GHRP-6 contains unnatural D-amino acids, which were created synthetically specifically for the application of Human Growth Hormone release from the pituitary gland, making GHRP-6 known as a “true” HGH secretagogue. GHRP-6, as well as all other GHRPs, will interact with receptors on the pituitary gland (and in many extents, on the hypothalamus as well) that are distinctly different receptors from the ones that GHRH interacts with. GHRP-6 will stimulate the HGH secretagogue receptor (recently renamed as the Ghrelin receptor), not the GHRH receptor. Through this interaction, GHRP-6 will stimulate a pulsatile release of HGH from the pituitary gland, which is most intense within the first 30 minutes, and lasts several hours (with the actual half-life of GHRP-6 itself being between 15 to 60 minutes).

Properties of GHRP-6

Because GHRP-6 stimulates the secretion and release of HGH from the pituitary gland in a pulsatile manner, the effects resulting from GHRP-6 are very similar from what would be expected from synthetic HGH administration over the long term (see the Human Growth Hormone profile here), although the amount of time that the released human growth hormone will remain in circulation is of a far less amount of time than synthetic Human Growth Hormone does. HGH levels will only remain raised for several hours, with the most significant amounts of HGH release only occurring within the first 30 minutes of administration. It is because of this that multiple administrations of GHRP-6 are recommended throughout the day in order to maintain steady and/or high HGH levels on a consistent and regular basis.

Typical effects of HGH would be experienced throughout use of GHRP-6: body fat reduction, muscle mass increases, strength increases, stamina increases, and increased rate of healing, sleep quality improvement, and general increased well-being and health.

Anavar (Oxandrolone)

Anavar was developed to treat conditions of muscle wasting and rapid weight loss, as is a common reason for inception with any anabolic steroid. Developed in 1964, by Searle Laboratories to treat such conditions, Searle is no longer in existence as it was bought and absorbed into Pfizer in 2003.

The Benefits of Anavar

As a very mild anabolic steroid Anavar is not well-suited for bulking cycles or gaining phases; you will not produce a vast amount of lean muscle tissue through its use when speaking of performance enhancing purposes; however, what is produced will be solid muscle tissue. The greatest benefits associated with this particular steroid lie within muscle preservation and metabolic activity. This simply means Anavar has the ability to not only aid in reducing body-fat but preserving muscle tissue while on a calorie restricted diet; further, the more muscle tissue we have the greater our metabolic activity will be thereby increasing the rate in-which body-fat is utilized for energy. Because Anavar is apt for fat reduction and muscle preservation it is commonly used by physique athletes during their competition preparation, as well as by common gym rats who simply want to look leaner and tighter at the beach.

Anavar & Women

Anabolic steroids can be very damaging to women as they can often cause masculine effects due to virilization, such as deepened vocal chords, body-hair growth and clitoral enlargement. However, due to its mild nature Anavar appears to be virtually side-effect free not only for men but for women as well, making it the ultimate anabolic steroid for any female user. While this steroid can be used successfully by both men and women, because it is so female friendly many refer to Anavar as “The Girl Steroid.”

Anavar Cycles & Doses

Most men who use Anavar will necessarily need to use a large amount to receive any noticeable benefit as this steroid’s extremely mild nature will require it. Most men will find 50mg per day to be the minimum dose if they expect to see any positive and noticeable results with 80mg per day being far more common. Conversely, as women are more sensitive to anabolic steroids lower doses need to be applied; further, lower doses absolutely ensure side-effects will remain non-existent. Most women will find 10mg per day to be nearly perfect with 20mg per day being the maximum amount of Anavar most will ever want or need to use.

Regardless of who uses it, men or women, Anavar can successfully be used for longer periods of time than most oral anabolic steroids, however, 6-8 weeks of use is common place. For most it will not matter at which point of a steroid cycle you include Anavar, however, if you are trying to lean out, to get the most bang for your buck the steroid will be best served towards the end of a cycle, as its benefits will be far greater and pronounced the leaner you already are.

Testosterone Cypionate Properties

Testosterone Cypionate is one of the many esterified variants of Testosterone available, and is most likely the second most popular esterified variant (the first being Testosterone Enanthate). It is an injectable form of Testosterone with a slow rate of release and a longer half-life. However, the release rates and half-life of both Testosterone Cypionate and Testosterone Enanthate are very much identical and the two compounds are easily interchangeable (for example, an individual can easily run a 10 week cycle of Testosterone and switch between Testosterone Enanthate and Testosterone Cypionate seamlessly). Testosterone Cypionate possesses a half-life of approximately 12 days while Testosterone Enanthate possesses a half-life of approximately 10 days – hardly much difference. The interesting fact about Testosterone Cypionate, however, is that it seems to have a distinct favor of popularity among American bodybuilders and athletes over the Enanthate variant. These distinctions are not extreme, however, and the commonality of use and availability of both variants is almost equal with Testosterone Enanthate ever so slightly more popular. Neither variant possesses any advantages over the other.

 Testosterone Cypionate is simply Testosterone with the Cypionate ester bound to the Testosterone chemical structure. Specifically ‘Cypionate’ is Cypionic acid, but once bound to Testosterone it is properly referred to in chemistry as an ester bond (or ester linkage). Cypionic acid is chemically bound to the 17-beta hydroxyl group on the Testosterone structure. Esterified anabolic hold a greater degree of solubility in fats, and therefore release slower from the injection site in comparison to un-esterified Testosterone – however, this is not the main reason as to why esters extend the release rate and half-life of the given anabolic steroid it is attached to. The primary reason for the augmentation of its half-life and release rate is due to the fact that when Testosterone Cypionate enters the bloodstream, enzymes will bind to the Testosterone Cypionate molecule and break the bond between the ester and the hormone, which takes a varying amount of time depending on the size of the ester in question. This is why larger esters such as Cypionate, Enanthate, Decanoate, and so forth all possess longer half-lives than the smaller shorter esters such as Propionate, Phenylpropionate, Acetate, etc. Therefore, the end result is that the ester is removed from the hormone via enzymes, and what is left over following this chemical interaction is pure Testosterone that is free to do its work in the body. This process of enzymes cleaving off the ester from the Testosterone molecule is what is ultimately responsible for the slower release rates. Pure Testosterone alone with no ester bonded to it possesses a half-life of approximately 2 – 4 hours. When the Cypionate ester is attached to it, creating Testosterone Cypionate, the half-life of Testosterone is now extended to 12 days, which results in a slower release and activity of the hormone.

Properties of Testosterone Cypionate

Testosterone Cypionate’s attributes and expressive properties follows what any individual would expect from Testosterone preparation, with the exception of the differing release rates and half-lives. It must be made clear right now to the reader that Testosterone is very much literally the original anabolic steroid, which is manufactured endogenously naturally in all humans and in the vast majority of animal species. Two important facts result from this: 1. Testosterone is utilized as the base measurement by which all other anabolic steroids are measured against, and, 2. Because Testosterone is the most natural anabolic steroid already manufactured by the human body, Testosterone is considered the safest anabolic steroid for use, as every individual’s body is already accustomed to the effects of Testosterone only to a lesser degree. Essentially, the use of Testosterone for the purpose of physique and performance enhancement is simply the supplementation of additional Testosterone – this could easily be defined as the practice of administering (either through injection or ingestion) more of a hormone into the body that it already manufactures and utilizes.

Daily and Weekly Timing of Oral Anabolic Steroids

For anabolic effect, it’s most efficient for levels to be as sustained as possible across the day, within reason. We could compare, for example, taking Dianabol as 50 mg once per day or as 10 mg five times per day.

On the once-daily dosing, you’d have about a 5 or 6 hour period with blood levels as high or higher than in the multiple-dosing case. But for the rest of the day, levels would be lower, usually far lower. For the last 10 hours or more, they’d be uselessly low.

Now that might work fine if the very high levels of the first few hours multiplied the effect during that period, but that’s not the case. Ongoing 10 mg dosing already about maximizes the effect of Dianabol.
During the earlier part of the day the two dosing plans give about the same activity as with the frequent lower dosing, but for most of the day the once-daily plan gives less activity.

It doesn’t take a full 5 times per day to give a good result. For Dianabol, I think 3x/day is reasonable as a minimum, though personally I prefer 4x or 5x/day.

Oxandrolone (Anavar), oxymetholone (Anadrol), and stanozolol (Winstrol) all have longer half-lives than Dianabol does. As a result, they may be dosed less frequently. For these, 2x/day is a reasonable minimum, though I prefer 3x or 4x/day.

As for which days of the week should receive orals, again sustained levels are the most efficient, where the only purpose is anabolism. Using orals every day is best. However, some like taking orals pre-workout and relying only on injected steroids for the rest of the week. Where the choice of injected anabolic steroids is sufficient and suitable by itself, then this is fine.

But if the steroid stack depends on the orals, then use the orals every day. It’s entirely acceptable though to shift timing of orals to pre-workout and/or post-workout if you wish, or to add orals at those times. When adding orals at these times, total daily dosage should still be kept within typical amounts.

In some cases the purpose of orals is increased training aggression. When used for this, make sure the rest of the steroid stack will work by itself as intended, and then use orals for best effect pre-workout.

Jul 9

Steroid Cycle Bridging and Cruising

Steroid Cycle Bridging is a process to bridge two steroid cycles together with a compound what wont restrict recovery of your endogenous hormone production and hopefully still be able to possibly carry on gaining or at least hold onto all the new tissue gained within the completed steroid cycle. The ideal bridging hormones would be Hgh, Igf and slin these would allow full recovery of your HPTA and if your diet and training are in order you should maintain the new tissue what you have gain from the finished cycle and in some cases produce further gains.

Ive seen good results and excellent blood work to support the dbol bridge protocol where only around 10mgs of dbol is used in the morning and still be able to recover your HPTA or at least recover nearly all function, yet again i feel this is an individual thing and some still find it hard to recover but ive had amazing results using this method. Ive heard some use low suppression compounds during this phase and they can recover their HPTA, i feel that coming from a cycle what as had your shut down for a few wks to swap to low suppression compounds to recover your HPTA wont have much effect and will still hinder recover greatly or at least ive experienced this, again depends on what compounds your coming off, but seems pointless trying to recover when your still taking hormones what will stop or hinder full recovery IMHO..

Bodybuilders who bridge with other steroids are only asking for trouble in the long run, infact its not bridging if your not allowing your HPTA to recover its cruising. With ever successive cycle after a cruise you will be building up tolerance within the body and greater amounts of gear will be needed to try and get new growth from the future cycles, your slowly destroying your own hormonal system by saturating it with anabolic steroids and Hormone Replacement Therapy will be the only answer and do you want to pin yourself for the rest of your life sooner than you should be doing. Ive cruised and bridge many times and without doubt you hold and produce some amazing gains the benefits are outstanding but at what cost! aging BB’s seem to have no choice because of their natural test wont support muscle tissue and so Hormone Replacement Therapy comes into play. Considering cruising between cycles needs proper research and knowing exactly what your getting yourself into, I wouldn’t recommend it unless your competing to be at a high level, pro status or your willing to take the risk of permanent damage.

Recovery of your HPTA is vital to maintaining your gains, some bodybuilders run longer cycles protocol’s and shutdown their own hormone production for a very long time, the longer your shutdown the harder it is to recovery or at least the majority it is, shorter cycles are better for you HPTA and recovery. Would you rather shutdown your own system for 20 weeks or 6weeks? the shorter the better for recovery but also the compounds used within these cycles will make a big difference to how quick you recover, some weak low suppression compounds will be far easier to regain function but then again will you gain any kind of muscle from these products

The harder the recovery the more chance of losing the vital muscle tissue gained within the cycle because of the natural Test not supporting any of the new found gains. Many bodybuilders go back on to soon and run cycles to close together because of this reason and problems can occur in the long run. Proper time off is needed to re-fresh your system and produce greater gains in your future cycles, a good solid PCT protocol will help with recovering full function of your HPTA which in turn will support and maintain the gains from the cycle, bridging with compounds what wont suppress or shut you down would be a good option which i describe in at the start of this thread. For me cruising and running cycles to close together will produce some serious sides what will effort you for the rest of your life but the decision is yours just remember the risk’s.

Jul 1

Trenbolone Side Effects: Night Sweats and Reduced Cardio Capacity

Both reduced cardio and night sweats are somewhat common complaints with trenbolone users, though in the majority of cases neither occurs.

The cardiovascular capacity problem is in at least some cases related to elevated hematocrit. It’s worth checking.

At the highest level of competitive cycling, it’s well known that athletes have sought high hematocrit levels. With high hematocrit, they’ve been able to sustain increased power output. Or in other words, their cardio performance was better.

However, this isn’t a general rule. Along with higher oxygen carrying capacity, along with higher hematocrit comes higher blood viscosity, or greater blood thickness. Even where hematocrit is remaining within the normal range, one study found that aerobic capacity of other athletes may be superior with midrange or even low-midrange hematocrit than with high-normal values.

It’s possible for hematocrit to go substantially above normal during an anabolic steroid cycle. Since you are seeing an adverse side effect, I’d check hematocrit level. If it is at about 53 or higher, I’d discontinue anabolic steroid use for now.

If hematocrit is in the normal range, then there’s no known answer for the reduced cardio ability. Some have speculated that lung irritation might be the cause. I don’t know of medical evidence, but don’t rule out that there could be truth to it.

To deal with the cardio issue, some trenbolone users limit their dose to for example 50 mg/day rather than 75 or 100 mg/day. Trenbolone is so effective per milligram that even 50 mg/day provides an excellent effect as part of a steroid stack.

As for night sweats, I know of no convincing explanation for this problem. It seems to strike randomly. Commonly, for the same individual it will occur in some cycles but not others. There seems no solution but getting the bedroom as cool as possible and using beach towels to absorb the sweat. At least the night sweats may be helping to burn off fat.

Oral Turinabol Chlordehydromethyltestosterone

Oral Turinabol is one of those substances that has gained what I would call a “quiet cult status” amongst bodybuilders. It was first developed by scientists in East Germany for use by their Olympic athletes. The success achieved by those athletes is testament to its effectiveness. The fact that it was used extensively for enhancing sports performance also meant that it was subject to many trials with documented results proving very impressive.

So what does Oral Turinabol have to offer that is so special?

Well it does provide good lean muscle gains and, although strength and muscle increases will not be as dramatic as with some other compounds, they will be less likely to be accompanied by water retention. This means that you are more likely to keep any gains made when coming off a cycle. In addition to this, Oral Turinabol does not create estrogen related side effects (e.g. gynecomastia) although it is 17-alpha alkylated which means it can be toxic to the liver so it is wise to use some form of liver support when on a cycle (e.g. Silymarin, Dandelion, NAC).

Oral Turinabol has been described as a derivative of Dianabol although it does have a much lower level of androgenic activity. Studies have revealed it to have anywhere from 0 � 6 in terms of androgenic effects and 53 for anabolic effects (based on a score of 100 each for testosterone). This means that it will not give you the bloated, puffy look often observed by those who use Dianabol. In fact, many users have compared it to Anavar in terms of results.


Negative side effects are rare with this substance and are usually the result of using cycles that are either too long or too high in dosage. The aforementioned risk of liver toxicity and a lowering of the clotting ability of the blood are the only things to really look out for. It has also been implicated as regards the lowering of natural testosterone levels, but once again this is generally dose related. There have been reports of women suffering more adverse side effects than men when using this substance, however these reactions occurred in women who were taking almost double the amount taken by their male counterparts, of course they would get more side effects!


It has been recommended that men should take between 20-40mg every day and women 5-10mg/day. However, in real life terms male bodybuilders usually prefer an amount of 0.4mg per pound of bodyweight.
One of the many interesting things about Oral Turinabol is its ability to reduce SHBG’s binding to other steroids, which leads to the freeing up of more testosterone in the body. For this reason many athletes find it a valuable accompaniment to any cycle, particularly those involving the use of testosterone. The fact that Oral Turinabol is not associated with aromatization (i.e. conversion to estrogen) also adds to its attractiveness.

All in all, when you consider the fact that it produces little in the way of troublesome side effects (when used in reasonable dosages) and produces a high quality gain in muscle mass over time, Oral Turinabol is definitely worth considering as part of an effective cycle. Even used on its own it will definitely produce a noticeable improvement in mass and strength. The gains will not be astounding but they will be more easily maintained since the improvements made on Oral Turinabol are not an illusion created by water weight